Introduction to TheWordTutorial Website


Welcome to my new website!

This website is set up to help TheWord (www.theword.net) users to understand, learn how to use, and master TheWord. I will be constantly adding new posts to this website with information on how to use the program. What are some of the advantages of this program? 1) Free, 2) powerful for intense detailed Bible study, 3) suited for studies in Greek and Hebrew, 4) tremendous free module library database available, 5) study methods unavailable in other free or commercial Bible software. Continue reading Introduction to TheWordTutorial Website

Bible-Dictionary Lookup Popup


Bible Dictionaries

Description of Feature

Dictionary Lookup Popup. When you setup this feature of the word, you can quickly lookup the definition of a Bible word in various commentaries completely AUTOMATICALLY with just passing the mouse over the word in a Bible.

Note that TheWord will put as many or as few Bible Dictionaries (optionally any module will work) into the mix to search, and when the popup shows, YOU HOLD DOWN SHIFT and click in the popup window, and you can then scroll down the window to see the different dictionary definitions.

httpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wToAGAv2EX8

This Bible Dictionary feature is extremely powerful, and useful, and you can use it to quickly (almost instanteously) see many definitions of a word. See below at the bottom of this post for more uses of this feature.

(Note that in the illustrations below, I am highlighting the word I am mousing over in the image so you will see where my mouse is, but in TheWord, the word stays the same color.)

dictionary-lookup-sample

Continue reading Bible-Dictionary Lookup Popup

How to Make Module Sets


How to Make Module Sets

Topic: How to make module sets
By David Cox

Class Description: In this post we will explain what are module sets, and how to use them, as well as how to make them.

Warning: Every TheWord user MUST MASTER MODULE SETS, or your experience with the program will be greatly hindered if you can use it at all. This issue is just that important. Let me just explain it this way, every time you want to see a module in TW, it has to be part of the current module set. Even though you install a module, and TW asks you if you want it to fit the module into the current module set, without saving that module set, you won’t see it the next time you run TW. This is the most common new user problem, finding your modules.

TOPICS:

_________ Continue reading How to Make Module Sets

How to search across theWord Bible Versions


Search across theWord Bible Versions

Class Objective: search across theWord Bible Versions. In this class, we want to do studies ACROSS BIBLE VERSIONS. The idea here is to see how different Bible versions treat a certain word or concept in Scripture.

REQUIREMENTS: You need to have dominated the basics of doing a Bible search before you do this class. (See How to search the Bible).

Continue reading How to search across theWord Bible Versions

How do I show the BibleView Window Options Icons (at left)


BibleView Window Options Icons

BibleView Window Options Icons. When using theWord, at times you accidentally press a wrong combination of keys, and you are left with something you don’t want. I have been using theWord working in a Bible, and all of sudden the entire left hand icons disappear on me, well actually, I pressed the wrong keys and they disappeared on me.

For most things with theWord you can go to the main menu at the top, and you can search there for turning something on or off. But in this particular case, you will need to know how to do this while you have the Bibleview window in particular active. Then it is very easy.

Tip: So if you do not see the left hand menu Icons in your BibleView. If this is the case, then press Ctrl+T to toggle it on/off or hide/show.

Note that YOU MUST FIRST CLICK IN THE BIBLEVIEW WINDOW TO MAKE IT ACTIVE or this won’t work.

 

BibleView Window Options Icons

See the image below (icons on left ) for an example of a BibleView Window with this icon column.

BibleView Window Options Icons

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Adding theWord Commentary Notes


Adding theWord Commentary Notes

Class Objective: Show how to make personalized commentary notes in theWord. Adding theWord Commentary Notes

Adding theWord Commentary Notes. First of all, a commentary is simply a module that has the structure of one topic per verse in the Bible. So what we are going to do is to very simply, just make our own commentary. Some limitations of commentaries should be kept in mind. First of all, we should realize that of course you cannot name the topics whatever you want. This kind of freeform naming is for a regular book module. Secondly, you cannot add extra topics as child topic here.

But what are the advantages of a commentary module? First of all, if you have your commentary open in theWord, you can see it as you scroll or jump around in the Bible. It is visible with any Bible version by the way. Also, in theWord, you can insert charts, graphs, and images in commentaries as with any other book module.

Some other observations. When using a commentary, you need to keep in mind the distinction of viewing the commentary in a BibleView window (the commentary is not editable) and in a BookView window (the commentary is fully editable).

If you find yourself wanting to do this, but you don’t want to insert thousands of time to make each entry for an entire Bible, go to theWord.net and download Costas’ dummy (empty) commentary module to help you get started. If you go to the page (above) there are other empty modules to use like a yearly devotional, etc.

 tpl.cmt.twm.zip: a template commentary file with an entry for each verse. The entries are used as placeholder

Download the module and unzip it, put it in with your other modules, and restart TW. I would also replace the “tpl” (template) part with your own name, for example for me, I would rename the file to cox-bible-commentary.cmt.twm.

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Preparing the Module for Use

The first thing you need to do is to unlock the commentary to make it user editable. Open TW, accept to add this commentary to your Module Layout set, and then click it in the module selector bar, or type enough of the title-name in the Module Selector search box to get, and select it. It should be showing now. While this dialog box is open, return to the first tab, and edit the tab’s name (how it appears on the Module Selector bar), which is the “Abbreviation” field, the first one.

Now you need to right click on the title (on the letter or folder name where it is in module selector bar if you automatically created the Module Layout by title) , and click on the second tab at the top, and click, “User Module (Can be Edited)“. If you don’t do this step, your blank commentary will not be editable by you and it is worthless.

You should not worry about the green numbers after each book abbreviation. These tell you how many sub-topics are immediately under that particular topic (book name), and if you open one of these (clicking on the plus sign), you will see an equal green number representing the number of verses in each chapter.

Using your Personalized Commentary

You now need to setup a layout for using it (although this is not absolutely essential, it is a good idea). So in your TW, setup a BibleView window on top (F11) with a Bookview on bottom (F12). Now click anywhere in the BibleView window, and press Control+O to get to the BibleView Window Options. In the left hand menu options on this dialog box, find “Inline Commentaries” and put a checkbox at the top of that page, and then find your commentary in the commentary listing part below. In the image below, I named my commentary “Cox Bible Commentary“.

Once you have selected these options you should see something like this.

Now we are ready to setup TW for entering comments in your commentary. You may ask, why does David want to go through all this trouble? The issue here is to read a Bible verse and make a comment. I find it extremely helpful to have my personal commentary notes in the BibleView window, clickable, but NOT EDITABLE. This is how I set it up FOR ACTUALLY USING MY COMMENTARY.

On the other hand, sometimes I want to CREATE COMMENTS, and this is where the bottom part comes in. Let me just also suggest that in this layout you add a second BookView Window with the downloaded commentaries you have. So this is the final view of how I am making or creating my comments while reading other people’s commentaries.

Note that here I have Constable’s commentary in the second BookView window, and I have simply copied part of Constable’s comments into my personal commentary. Notice that there are a few “tweaks” that I have additionally done.

First the icon to the right of the grab icon (hand) I have this opened (click on the down arrow beside it). I have clicked on for all three options. Once you do that, you will need to click the icon (left of the down arrow) and make it “work”. I had to do it several times before it took for some reason. Do the same on the Constable Commentary bookview window. What this does is syncronize these two windows (commentaries only) with the BibleView window, so when you move in the Bible, these two windows will also move to the corresponding verse. This saves you a lot of time in clicking when you comment on more than one verse.

The next thing I did is get rid of the side module index in both commentary windows. This is an open book to the left of the actual commentary verse reference (in the image, “Jn 3:” is showing in this little window).

Here you will see the toggle as an open book icon with a red background. Click this on both commentary bookviews so that you will have more space to read and write.

I should also note that in general, I have times when I study through a passage or even a Book, and I want TW to make it easy for me to put notes into commentary pages. This setup is for those occasions. To me as a pastor, the best methodology here is to first read a passage of the Bible, and make my own notes and commentary. Then I start going through some standard and well known commentaries, and see what they have to say, and adding, modifying, or deleting what I said. This is really the way this should go.

Many times I am just doing something else, see a tremendously great comment on a verse, so I open a Bookview window, select my personal commentary, and then go to the verse in question and add the comment. Close my commentary and continue working.

To preach these topics notes if you want, I would suggest using a netBook in the public to view it or a tablet PC, or even an Android phone (See my website myswordmodules.com for some information. Basically you will need to go to the MySword.info website and download the conversion utility for converting TheWord Modules to MySword format. It is not that complicated, but you will need to convert your commentary each time you want to preach it, so a NetBook runing TheWord is nicer and quicker).

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Making this setup easy-access

Now that you have TW exactly the way you want it, without a doubt, you have to stop, do something else, and now you will mess up your setup. There are two recommendations here. First you can make a USB installation on your hard drive, and set it up in its own folder, and open that TW instance and setup it up, and do commentary work always from there.

The second (recommended) way is once you get things the way you want, go to the main file menu, select View, Layout, Save Current Layout. (See image below).

This way you can simply select View, Layouts, My Layouts and choose whatever you named this setup, and get back here quickly. Adding theWord Commentary Notes

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General Overview & Bible Window


theWord Overview

theWord Overview. This video by Paul Chapman basically focuses on the kinds of sub-windows in the program, and how to open and use them (as a general help). These are Bibleview Windows which contains Bibles, Module (Bookview) Windows which contain any of the various other kinds of modules, i.e. books, commentaries, dictionaries.

Besides that there are also Bible Search windows which contain the results of a search on a Bible or Bibles for a particular word or phrase. You have the option to search a single Bible, or all Bibles. This later feature is extremely nice if you wish to compare the translation practices of the translators of two particular Bibles. For example, compare the KJV and the NIV (or any modern version) on the word “atonement” or “propitation”. The modern versions do not like to translate the underlying Hebrew and Greek into these words but use word arounds. You can also make groups of Bibles, and your search will go across only those Bibles.

Also there are Modules Search Windows which are searches which span all of your installed modules, and there will appear the results of your search words. Also note that these module search windows can be have a group of modules grouped, and the search will go across the only those modules.

Grace Word Study (expanded v2) – election or blessing?


Grace Word Study

Grace Word Study. A study on the concept of Grace. Calvinism makes great use of “grace” as a key defining concept for their doctrines, but a simple reading of all the Bible’s mention of grace will show that (1) Calvinism’s presumptions about grace are a redefinition never actually found or validated in Scripture. (2) Grace is the blessing of God on a person, and that it is not necessarily salvation, or just salvation, and the emphasis is not on selection (election) but on the spiritual blessing. Moreover (3) grace is conditioned by God (before God decides to give grace) on certain character and actions that please God being and existing sincerely in the individual before grace is given by God to him.

Download: Cox,David-A study on the word Grace
To save, right click on above link and save, or open and then select save from bottom left pop-up if your PDF reader allows it.

Introduction

The concept of grace is commonly understood to be the key concept “behind” or “underlying” salvation. This is very heavily promoted within Calvinist-Reformed circles. These theologians have shifted from “preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ” to preaching “the doctrines of grace”, defending their shift by equating “grace=salvation”. If this is true, then the evidence of the NT should fully support this fact, and since “the four gospels” are the clearest and most detailed presentation of salvation and of the Saviour, we should see the abundance of this grace doctrine abundant and overflowing in the Gospels. A simple word study in theWord will either support their assertions, or cause questions about their interpretations.

In TW, open a Bible, KJV version, and a Bible Search window.

Type “grace” in the Bible search box, and enter. “Grace” occurs 160x in the KJV.

grace-distribution

From this image we can see a few interesting facts. Grace is most used in Romans, then in 2Cor, Ephesians, and Acts (and Genesis). Although the concept is found throughout the Bible, we cannot say that this word is very frequent, because many books have under 5 occurrences, and not every book of the Bible is represented.

We study the word “grace” in the Bible because the Calvinist equates grace=election, so we want to specifically establish this or disavow this. When the Bible uses the term “grace”, is it a divine lottery where favor and good things are given no matter what the object of grace is or has done towards the person giving grace (a divine choice that has ABSOLUTELY NOTHING TO DO WITH THE PERSON’S CHARACTER, ACTIONS, BEHAVIOR, SPIRITUAL LIFE, ETC.? Is that how Grace is defined in Scripture?

Or is grace (unmerited favor) shown towards those who respond towards the giver in such a way as to please him and have the grace conferred? In other words, God is not obligated to give anybody anything (there is no obligation binding on God), but at the same time grace is “gotten” by pleasing God, and grace is lost by “enraging God” through our belligerence. Is that how grace works?

Finally, we want to ascertain the truth or lie of whether grace=election. Is the emphasis on the choosing of who receives grace, or on the generosity and gift of the giver?

Let’s restrict those to different parts of the NT and study them.

“grace” in the Old Testament

Ps 84:11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.

 Prov 3:34 Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly.

Grace is promised from God on the basis of certain character or behavior in the person receiving that grace. There is no reference in these two verses that the person first received God’s grace (God controlling or causing holiness first before blessing). The order is a character quality is found in a person by God, and then grace is given. Not the other way around.

The first verse using “grace” is

Gen 6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD. 

How did Noah “find grace”? The concept of grace is something that you do before God, and God gives this favor to you. This is the first instance of the concept, which establishes a precedent.

The second place is Gen 19:19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die: 

Lot’s concept of God’s mercy is that God examined Lot’s life, and from what God found, God showed mercy on Lot or God would not, but the basis was not independent of Lot and the way he lived his life.

This is what we find throughout Scripture, so let’s continue in abbreviated form.

Gen 32:5 Jacob “that I may find grace in thy sight” – Jacob’s faithfulness with Laban should have engendered grace from Laban towards Jacob.

Gen 33:8 Jacob sends gifts or free will offerings to Esau so that he might “find grace in Esau’s sight.” – Grace was dependent on conduct

Gen 33:10 “Jacob said, Nay I pray thee, if now I have found grace in thy sight…” – Again grace is given the giver discerning some quality or character in the life of the receiver of grace.

Gen 33:15 “let me find grace in the sight of my lord.” – same observation as above.

Gen 34:11 And Shechem said unto her father and unto her brethren, Let me find grace in your eyes, and what ye shall say unto me I will give. 

Gen 39:4 And Joseph found grace in his sight, and he served him: and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he had he put into his hand.  – The basis of Joseph finding grace in Pharaoh’s sight had everything to do with finding the right noble character that pleased Pharaoh living in Joseph.

Gen 47:25 And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants. 

Similar passages where some person finds grace in the sight of some other person:

  • Gen 47:29 Jacob in Joseph’s sight.
  • Gen 50:4 Joseph in Pharaoh’s sight.
  • Exo 33:12 Moses in Pharaoh’s sight.
  • Num 32:5 children of Gad in Moses’ sight.
  • Ruth 2.2,10 Ruth in Boaz.
  • 1Sam 1:18 Hannah in Eli’s sight.
  • 1Sam 20:3 David in Jonathan’s eyes.
  • 1Sam 27:5 David in the eyes of Achish
  • 2Sam 14:22 Joab before King David
  • 2Sam 16:4 Ziba before King David
  • Esther 2:17 Esther before the king – character and beauty in the King’s eyes were Esther prime reasons for grace being shown her.

 

Exod 33:13 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people. Moses in Jehovah’s sight.

Exod 33:16 For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth.  – Note here that the correct order of understanding is not divine selection (grace) then blessing then the people becoming acceptable in God’s sight. Rather Moses and Israel found grace in God’s sight (on the basis of what they were and God’s thinking), and then God’s hand of blessing became active on them, and finally after that, they were selected to be separate or apart from all others.

Exod 33:17 And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name. Why did God do “this thing”? Because God examined their lives and found them to be pleasing to him. Godly character then selection/blessing is the correct order.

 Exod 34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance. Note here that finding grace is before holiness and even before pardon of sin. The grace in this case was grace given to these people’s ancestors that still came down unto them, even though they were rebellious. Also note that God promises His blessing, only conditioned upon their putting away their other gods and destroying these false gods’ altars, etc. Exod 34:11-13. So the grace shown is conditioned upon activity and character before it is given.

Judges 6:17 Gideon “If now I have found grace in thy (Lord) sight” – The phrase again refers to the grace giver encountering some good conduct, attitude, or character or reason to show grace in the grace receiver’s life before and conditioning the grace given.

 Ezra 9:8 And now for a little space grace hath been shewed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage. – God’s grace in this verse is the remnant that God left Israel. Specifically that remnant is also referring to “the nail” to hang themselves, or a reference to the Messiah.

Ps 45:2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.

Ps 84:11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly. – Is there any doubt here that God’s grace is conditioned on our walking uprightly? Why would people deliberately overturn and distort the true biblical grace into being something unrelated to our prior conduct and character?

Grace in Proverbs

Several of the passages using grace in Proverbs use the concept as a synonym for blessing. Prov 1:9; 3:22; 4:9;

Prov 3:34 Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly. – According to Calvinism, grace is solely dispensed according to the

Prov 22:11 He that loveth pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king shall be his friend. – Here the concept of grace is actually a good quality of speech on a person’s lips.

Jer 31:2 Thus saith the LORD, The people which were left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.  – Again grace is found in a person by God before God’s hand of blessing.

Zech 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. – Grace is related to the Holy Spirit, being a blessing of God.

Other verses: Jer 14:21; Zech 4:7

“grace” in the Gospels

What we notice here is that if “grace=salvation”, or grace is the best and most common representative word in the Bible for salvation, then why is it so scarcely used in the Gospels? Matthew, and Mark doesn’t even have it once, and Luke only once? This doesn’t check.

Luke 2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.  – In this passage about Christ, grace is basically a state of blessedness. This is not a reference to salvation, but to Jesus Christ’s holiness.

John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. John 1:16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for graceJohn 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ– Again, this reference to grace is not referring to our salvation as being selectively given by God to some people, but rather it is a reference to Jesus Christ’s character quality. This describes Jesus as “full of grace”, or full of spiritual blessedness that he is willing to give. With these four verses, this concludes all the verses that mention grace in the gospels, and not once is it directly referring to our salvation but rather spiritual qualities of blessedness within the Savior.

Grace is never mentioned in the gospels as a synonym for salvation much less for our election by God to salvation!

 “grace” as used in Acts

Acts 4:33 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all.  – Grace in this passage means great power and blessedness.

Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.  – If “grace=election” then this verse doesn’t make much sense. This passage is best taken as Barnabas saw the blessing of God in the lives of these people, and reacted as he did.

Acts 13:43 Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. – If you consider this phrase as “to continue in the election of God” or “to continue in the blessedness of God”, whatever the choice, this continuing is something that people were able to do themselves. Paul’s exhortation was for them to “continue” implying that they were doing something at first, and that Paul’s desire is that they “continue to do it”. This is therefore a key verse to define a few things about grace. The grace of God is something that we first of all receive by what WE DO OR ARE (ACTIONS AND/OR CHARACTER). Secondly, it is within our human ABILITY to do whatever provoked this grace of God on us. Therefore the entire Calvinistic concept of grace = election in which we nor our character, conduct, nor life have anything to do with God’s giving that grace to us. This is simply not a biblical conclusion, neither is it a valid conclusion about grace. Calvinism is 100% wrong.

Acts 14:3 Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands. – Again, grace is associated with God’s word, and with spiritual blessings (signs and wonders).

In several passages we see people being recommended to the grace of God. Acts 14:26; 15:40. (See Acts 13:43 above) This most probably is a spiritual charge or exhortation that these people continue in the lifestyle that brought them into the favor of God.

Acts 20:32 And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified.  – Apparently God’s Word of grace (a heart and essential element of the gospel) is something which people were commended unto, and to which it would edify the person and carry them to sanctification. How does that work? If grace = divine election (emphasis on elitism like being a son of Abraham), how does that make you holy? If grace is God’s goodness to you, and you don’t deserve it, then in gratitude we change our life to conform it to the image of that wonderful person that saved us, Jesus Christ. This makes sense, and the Calvinist is left with confusion and non-sense.

Acts 15:11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they. – Here God’s grace is declared to be the instrument or avenue through which we receive salvation. It is a means by which one is saved, but in itself, it is not necessarily salvation itself, but rather a means through which we receive salvation. This grace is given by believing in Jesus Christ. This is the condition, action, conduct, or character quality (faith) that triggers God’s grace to come to us.

Acts 18:27 (Paul) “helped them much which had believed through grace“. This is one verse which would give some slight credence to the Calvinist mindset. Here grace is the vehicle through which these people believed.

Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God. – Here again the grace of God is a part of the Gospel. It is not in and of itself all of the Gospel, but it is an essential part. Note that this is not mentioning “election” nor divine selection, because these concepts are not in the context at all. What is in the context is that God will give salvation even though we do not desire it. This is the heart of the Gospel.

“grace” in Paul’s Epistles

Titus 2:11 “For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,

Here we see a high number of hits in Romans, 2 Corinthians and Ephesians. But, is it logical that Philemon would use the word “grace” more than twice as many times Matthew, Mark, and Luke combined together?

  • Grace is used as a greeting, salutation, or parting exhortation: Rom 1:7; 16:20, 24; 1Co 1:3-4: 2Cor 1:2; 13.14; Gal 1:3; 6:18; Eph 1:2; 6:24; Phil 1:2; 4:23; Col 1:2; 4:18; 1Thess 1:1; 5:28; 2Thess 1:2, 12; 3:18; 1Tim 1:2; 6:21; 2Tim 1:2; 4:22; Titus 1:4; 3:15; Philemon 1:3; 1:25. Hebrews 13:25; 1Pe 1:2; 2Pe 1:2; 2John 1:3; Rev 1:4; 22:21.
  • Grace is a concept received by means of Jesus Christ: Rom 1:5 because of our obedience to the faith. 1Co 1:4. Col 1:6 “since the day ye heard of it, and knew the grace of God in truth.”
  • We are justified by grace: Rom 3:24. (again a means to salvation); Gal 5:4 if you believe you are justified by keeping the law, you are fallen from grace.
  • Grace is the opposite of works: Rom 4:4 (as a means of gaining salvation)
  • Salvation is by grace through faith: Rom 4:16; 5:2 (the condition of faith is what causes God to give grace). Gal 2:21 the grace of God can be frustrated if the person believes his righteousness is by his keeping the law or his good works rather than the mercy of God.
    Titus 2:11 “For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,” In this passage, Paul settles some matters. Grace is what brings men to salvation (and this is already noted above). But this grace appears to all men. It is not a selective grace only given in this capacity to some men.
  • Grace is a free gift: Rom 5:15 (God’s definition of grace has no recipients except those who have faith in Jesus Christ)
  • Grace comes by Jesus Christ: Rom 5:17, 20, 21
  • Grace gives us (means of) everlasting consolation and good hope): 2Thess 2:16
  • Grace works in us: 1Tim 1:14 Paul seeing grace as God’s forgiveness of him, pardon of his sins, and making him into something different.
  • Grace abounds by usage: Rom 6:1
  • Grace is a reigning force over us: Rom 6:14-15 (it must dominate us to reign over us, or for us to be “under grace”); Gal 5:4
    Gal 1:6 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: 
  • Grace given should not be cause for arrogance: Rom 12:3 (Jewish problem is haughtiness in being found under God’s grace which lead to carelessness in their personal life, and God’s condemnation even while under grace.)
  • Grace is responsible for what gifts we have from God: Rom 12:6; 15:15; 1Cor 3:10; 2Cor 1:12; 2Co 6:1 (workers receive grace of God). 2Cor 8:6-7 Titus worked a work of grace among the Macedonian churches and the Corinthian church – speaking of some ministry gift referred to as “a grace”. In verse 9 this grace of Titus is compared to Jesus’ grace that being rich be became poor in order to serve. Again in verse 19 of this chapter, Titus is referred to as traveling with Paul “with this grace” as if it was a special ministry that Titus carried on in the missionary team. Gal 1:15 God called Paul by means of God’s grace.

1Cor 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.  – Grace is what accounts for what we are before God. But before you conclude that that means God decides whether we are elected to salvation or not, the context of this verse is more speaking of spiritual gifts, and not eternal destination.
2Cor 9:8 And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work: – again, grace appears to be more something of a ministry gift exercised among God’s people in God’s work rather than eternal election to salvation.
2Cor 9:14 And by their prayer for you, which long after you for the exceeding grace of God in you. – Grace would appear to be a great spiritual desire for spiritual fruit in others in this verse.
Phil 1:7 “ye all are partakers of my grace” Here Paul considers his ministry gifts as being “his grace towards his hearers.”
Col 3:16singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord” Grace is a way you sing, that is singing with grace is singing with a heart of ministering spiritually to others.
Col 4:6 “Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt” Grace is also a way of speaking to one another, such that your speech ministers spiritually.
2Tim 2:1 Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus2Tim 2:2 And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also.  Note here that grace is something that you can “be strong in“, and obviously Paul’s concept of grace is that it is the gospel of Jesus dying on the cross for the sins of mankind. This is both a belief as much as it is a ministry (to announce it).

  • Grace is a synonym for spiritual gifts: Gal 2:9
  • Grace is a thanking of God for what God gives us, especially over a meal: 1Cor 10:30; 2Co 4:15.
  • Grace is given to churches in affliction: 2Co 8:1. Heb 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. Grace is something that even Jesus Christ can have shown on him. In this verse, Jesus experienced the grace of God in that God gave him the power to endure death for the benefit of mankind. Because Jesus experienced God’s grace, does this mean that Jesus was a robot, and could do nothing else? No. What it means is that Jesus desiring in his own being to do the thing, God helped (empowered) him. If this case is so clear in Jesus, why deny it entirely in the case of a man wanting to be saved?
    Heb 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. Okay. So the Calvinist says grace is the same as an irresistible force (Irresistible grace) that forces a person to do God’s will. Scripture never presents this as irresistible, but rather a powerful resource we draw upon to obtain help from God in our need. So grace is the willingness of God to respond to man’s need in his problems when the man humbly comes before God requesting and seeking God’s help and power. This is starkly different from the Calvinist’s presentation of irresistible grace that forces a person into salvation even against his own will (divine robot manipulation).

Special passages on Grace: Rom 11

Rom 11:1-2. 5-7 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying, 5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. 6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work. 7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded 

Paul’s argument here is against the Jew who prided himself in his special selection by God as being Abraham’s seed. Yet this special divine selection was overturned because God did not find the correct spiritual character in them over time, and therefore God “cut them off” from the divine promises and God’s grace. This is Paul’s argument, and the Calvinist that prides himself on never having to worry about his salvation because he is elect, and therefore let’s his life slip into unrepentant sin, this person is under jeopardy of hell and the condemnation of God. Grace does not protect the individual who cares not for pressing into the kingdom by imitating Jesus.

The concept of “grace” is used in this passage with the concept of election, making this an important passage in our understanding of Calvinism’s errors. Grace is a means whereby we receive salvation. That point we can agree with the Calvinist. We disagree that grace = election though. Paul’s argument is against the Jew that claimed that they had a special selection of their group, and even though that was true in a sense, that divine selection was conditioned on Israel’s obedience (faith in the Messiah changing their life) before God would honor that divine selection. In the end, God “de-selected” or “unelected” Israel from its place of special divine selection. Even so, Paul argues, that even when all looked like God had abandoned Israel totally in the Old Testament, God still had his few (remnant) out there. So grace in this passage is more clearly seen as something opposed to works. Works is not the same as faith. As seen above in “Salvation is by grace through faith” Rom 4:16; 5:2, etc. grace is a concept which is a means to be saved. It is set coupled with faith. (Eph 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:) The two are equal in importance in “getting salvation”. Paul’s epistle to the Romans belabors the point that salvation is not by works of righteousness, but rather by grace through faith. The motive of salvation is not obligation on God’s part, but rather a generosity that is not obligatory. That is the motive of salvation. Faith is the means, that is, we “get saved” by believing in Jesus Christ. That is the actual technical “way we get saved”. The Calvinist claims that this way is by divine election.

“Election of grace”. Rom 11:5, although this verse places election and grace in the same verse, this is not talking about divine election to salvation. Paul quotes the OT where all of Israel was under persecution, and when it would appear that all true believers in Jehovah were dead, God selected a few from being physically killed. This election was an election to salvation from physical death, not spiritual death. The concept of the elect here is actually more elected to be God’s true witness than to be elected to eternal salvation.

Special passages on Grace: 2Cor 12:9

2Cor 12:9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.  – Paul’s reference here to God’s grace in relation to his persistent problem that God would not resolve for him is interesting. Grace then is God’s empowerment to suffer through affliction and distress. Rather than a divine election to “skip the condemnation and suffering”, grace here is longsuffering to endure it.

Special passages on Grace: Eph 1:3-11 and 2Tim 1:9

Paul’s discourse here again mentions grace in the context of predestination (1:5, 11). So this passage deserves special attention. First of all, Paul sets the context of “being blessed with spiritual blessings” (1:3). To me, this would be the most powerful passage to support Calvinism’s claims. God has chosen us in eternity past to be holy and blameless “having predestinated us… to the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.

2Tim 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,

This certainly “sounds” like the Calvinist’s position. But is it? In this passage, what is the cause of this blessed grace upon us?

Eph 1:12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. Eph 1:13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, 

The point is that we FIRST TRUSTED IN CHRIST. The order is that we heard the Gospel, believed, and then were sealed by the Spirit. The cause of salvation is stated as a believing in Christ. This passage does speak strongly of election and predestination before the foundation of the world. Note that in 2Tim 1:9, Paul uses the concept of God’s grace towards him personally as the reason of Paul being anointed and called into the ministry.

Eph 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, Eph 1:19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, . 

Yet the element of our believing is still very present in all of this. We note that grace as a concept is not prominent in this passage (occurring only in verse 6, “to the praise of the glory of his grace“). We do not deny that “God chooses us” (election), and this is a point to be made. GOD DOES CHOOSE US. The basis of this divine selection is the crux of the Calvinist heresy and biblical truth.

Our pre-creation selection is focused “in Christ” (v4), “in the beloved” (v6), and “by Jesus Christ” (v5). “he might gather together in one all things in Christ… in him” (v10), “In whom…” (v11) “in Christ” (v12). Everything focuses on Christ. It is that tight integration with Christ that gives us this hope of salvation, our inheritance.

Paul’s climax here is Eph 2:1and you hath he quickened who were dead… 4 But God, who is rich in mercy…. 5 hath quickened us together with Christ (by grace ye are saved). 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God. 9 Not of works lest any man should boast. So the entire focus of chapter 1 hangs on chapter 2.

Eph 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Eph 2:9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. Eph 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

Again the purpose of God extends beyond salvation into good works, and this is what God is also ordaining us to, not just salvation. The rest of Paul’s references (Eph 3:2, 7-8, 4:7) to grace in Ephesians seems to be explicitly references to spiritual gifts or spiritual dispensations (opportunities to minister that God gives His servants). Eph 4:29 speaks of “grace” as something administered by God’s ministers to “hearers” which edifies them.

What is amazing in this book of Ephesians (in consideration of Calvinism) is not that God explains some things about election here, because election to salvation is under the work of God, but that in all of this, the word “grace” is so much left out of this discussion. Where the Calvinist would equate “grace” = “salvation by election” without our participation, Paul in Ephesians attributes grace as a means of salvation (“by grace ye are savedEph 2:5, “for by grace are ye saved through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of GodEph 2:8) something we established above, Paul’s use of grace here is that grace is a means of salvation, but really, the concept of grace = divine election to salvation is not the meaning nor understanding of Paul at all.

“grace” in the General Epistles

Here we see more of the same. Jude’s scant few verses uses the word the same as all four gospels combined.

  • The Holy Spirit is identified as “the Spirit of Grace”: Heb 10:29
  • A person can “fail” of God’s grace: Heb 12:15 The cause of this failing is bitterness which defiles. This is caused by the same disdain of spiritual things that Esau experienced. This was a willful action and attitude in Esau’s own heart. This verse would seem to unilaterally disavow the Calvinist’s irresistible grace.
  • Grace is the basis of Christian service: Heb 12:28
  • Grace establishes the heart: Heb 13:9 This probably has a slight reference to giving thanks to God for what God has given you. For those who do this, there is a recognition and submission to God’s authority (spiritually establishing the person). The author of Hebrews mentions meats as something opposed to this, and this is probably an attitude of not caring (in eating things without returning thanks to God for them), which destroys the soul.
  • Grace is a “comeliness” (beauty): James 1:11. The idea is again rooted in the idea that grace is given when something is pretty in the eye of the giver of that grace.
  • Grace is gotten by humility: James 4:6. Whereas the Calvinist says that God’s grace is given by election, and has no foreknowledge nor has any reference to anything about the receiver of that grace, the Bible teaches the opposite.
    1Pet 5:5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble. Why do Calvinists insist that God’s grace is never given on the basis of any character qualities within us? Why do they insist that there is nothing (nor ever can be anything) within us that would please God? Humility is obviously a character quality that we control, and which opens God’s windows to shower God’s grace upon us. Why do they deny the obvious Bible of these verses?
  • Grace is God giving us salvation: 1Pe 1:10.
  • Grace is a process (means) to salvation: 1Pe 1:13.
  • Life on this earth can be considered a result of the grace of God to us: 1Pe 3:7
  • Grace is involved with ministry gifts: 1Pe 4:10
  • God is the God of all Grace: 1Pe 5:10
  • Grace is a position wherein you “stand” spiritually: 1Pe 5:12
  • Grace is something that you can “grow in”: 2Pe3:18
  • Grace can be perverted from its true essence into lasciviousness: Jude 1:4 Indeed many (not all) Calvinists turn the grace of God from something good, into a spiritual elitism similar to the Jews’ boasting of having an eternal election to heaven because they were Abraham’s children.

God gives grace to the humble.

Getting into the Greek

It is at points like this that I want to see what is happening here. I want to know what the Greek word for “grace” is, and I want to study it on that level.

To do this in TW we will go back to our basic study, KJV version in the Bible window, and “grace” in the Bible search window, and enter to do the search.

At this point, you need to click on the plus before “Luke” in the Bible Search results window, and then click on Luke 2:40. Now click in the KJV Bible window, and press Control+S, and this will give you the Strong’s numbers. Now hover the mouse on the strong’s number G5485 after the word “grace” in Luke 2:40. This should give you the pop-up for Mickelson-Strong’s Dictionary, and it should look like this…

Troubleshooting: My Strongs Numbers don’t show up.

What we see now is the Strong’s definition of “charis” (grace). First of all, notice that Strong’s Mickelson has graciousness, not salvation as the base or most common definition of the word. Also “gratitude” is another meaning of the word. The second meaning is perhaps what Calvinist-Reformed people hold to, but even so, we don’t see a super-abundance of occurrences in the Gospels like what we would think it should be.

Searching for charis G5485

Now that we have found out what our original Greek word’s Strong’s number is, we have a handle on being able to slice and dice the Bible and study very specifically this concept in Greek.

First, we will just do a simple Bible Search (KJV version, NT range). This is just like what we did when we searched for the English word “grace”, but now we will search for G5485. Note that this will not work unless the Strong’s numbers are showing in the Bible window.

The results are 147 hits in the NT (above was 122x on the English word “grace”). Luke has 8 hits instead of 1. So what we have is some different things happening between on the translation side of things, even though this still doesn’t explain the great lack of use of the word/concept “grace” in presenting us the Gospel of Jesus Christ.

But now let’s go even more specific on the studying side. Up til now, most Bible programs are very similar to theWord in doing a search on the words in the Bible. Perhaps many will even allow you to search on the Strong’s numbers. But few will allow you to do what we are going to do next.

Searching on “grace” but not charis G5485

In the Bible search box, type

NOT G5485 TR grace

then enter.

This search only gives us James 1:11 where the word “grace” occurs in our English Bibles, but the underlying Greek word is not G5485 charis

Searching on “G5485” but not translated “grace”

In the Bible search box, type

G5485 TR NOT grace

then enter.

What this will give us is all the places where the Greek G5485 occurs in the NT, but the resulting translation is not “grace”. There are 26 times this happens. Click on the icons above the results to open the tree and then show the verses. (See How to search the Bible for more help on how to do that if you don’t know).

Conclusion

I will leave the theological ramifications for you to decide, but this is how you use theWord for digging deep into the Word of God, going into the Greek and Hebrew even if you don’t have skills or profound learning in those languages.

Appendix

Question 1 – Is there is valid or warrant for qualifying grace into two types: general grace, and efficacious grace? 

No. This concepts are not assigned to grace, but grace is seen more as universally the same grace among all examples in Scripture. What we can divide grace into is grace from God towards man, and grace of man towards man.

Module Set: theWord Dictionaries

Class Description: theWord Dictionaries. This post will go through how to make a Module set to see all your installed dictionaries.

Prerequisite: Read and study How to Make a Model Sets.

Resource: Where do I download free theWord Dictionaries?

These are free download sites (as far as I know from my last visit to them) for these works.

module-set-dictionary-1

Continue reading Module Set: theWord Dictionaries