theWord Overview. This video by Paul Chapman basically focuses on the kinds of sub-windows in the program, and how to open and use them (as a general help). These are Bibleview Windows which contains Bibles, Module (Bookview) Windows which contain any of the various other kinds of modules, i.e. books, commentaries, dictionaries.
Besides that there are also Bible Search windows which contain the results of a search on a Bible or Bibles for a particular word or phrase. You have the option to search a single Bible, or all Bibles. This later feature is extremely nice if you wish to compare the translation practices of the translators of two particular Bibles. For example, compare the KJV and the NIV (or any modern version) on the word “atonement” or “propitation”. The modern versions do not like to translate the underlying Hebrew and Greek into these words but use word arounds. You can also make groups of Bibles, and your search will go across only those Bibles.
Also there are Modules Search Windows which are searches which span all of your installed modules, and there will appear the results of your search words. Also note that these module search windows can be have a group of modules grouped, and the search will go across the only those modules.
Grace Word Study
Grace Word Study. A study on the concept of Grace. Calvinism makes great use of “grace” as a key defining concept for their doctrines, but a simple reading of all the Bible’s mention of grace will show that (1) Calvinism’s presumptions about grace are a redefinition never actually found or validated in Scripture. (2) Grace is the blessing of God on a person, and that it is not necessarily salvation, or just salvation, and the emphasis is not on selection (election) but on the spiritual blessing. Moreover (3) grace is conditioned by God (before God decides to give grace) on certain character and actions that please God being and existing sincerely in the individual before grace is given by God to him.
Download: Cox,David-A study on the word Grace
To save, right click on above link and save, or open and then select save from bottom left pop-up if your PDF reader allows it.
The concept of grace is commonly understood to be the key concept “behind” or “underlying” salvation. This is very heavily promoted within Calvinist-Reformed circles. These theologians have shifted from “preaching the gospel of Jesus Christ” to preaching “the doctrines of grace”, defending their shift by equating “grace=salvation”. If this is true, then the evidence of the NT should fully support this fact, and since “the four gospels” are the clearest and most detailed presentation of salvation and of the Saviour, we should see the abundance of this grace doctrine abundant and overflowing in the Gospels. A simple word study in theWord will either support their assertions, or cause questions about their interpretations.
In TW, open a Bible, KJV version, and a Bible Search window.
Type “grace” in the Bible search box, and enter. “Grace” occurs 160x in the KJV.
From this image we can see a few interesting facts. Grace is most used in Romans, then in 2Cor, Ephesians, and Acts (and Genesis). Although the concept is found throughout the Bible, we cannot say that this word is very frequent, because many books have under 5 occurrences, and not every book of the Bible is represented.
We study the word “grace” in the Bible because the Calvinist equates grace=election, so we want to specifically establish this or disavow this. When the Bible uses the term “grace”, is it a divine lottery where favor and good things are given no matter what the object of grace is or has done towards the person giving grace (a divine choice that has ABSOLUTELY NOTHING TO DO WITH THE PERSON’S CHARACTER, ACTIONS, BEHAVIOR, SPIRITUAL LIFE, ETC.? Is that how Grace is defined in Scripture?
Or is grace (unmerited favor) shown towards those who respond towards the giver in such a way as to please him and have the grace conferred? In other words, God is not obligated to give anybody anything (there is no obligation binding on God), but at the same time grace is “gotten” by pleasing God, and grace is lost by “enraging God” through our belligerence. Is that how grace works?
Finally, we want to ascertain the truth or lie of whether grace=election. Is the emphasis on the choosing of who receives grace, or on the generosity and gift of the giver?
Let’s restrict those to different parts of the NT and study them.
“grace” in the Old Testament
Ps 84:11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
Prov 3:34 Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly.
Grace is promised from God on the basis of certain character or behavior in the person receiving that grace. There is no reference in these two verses that the person first received God’s grace (God controlling or causing holiness first before blessing). The order is a character quality is found in a person by God, and then grace is given. Not the other way around.
The first verse using “grace” is
Gen 6:8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD.
How did Noah “find grace”? The concept of grace is something that you do before God, and God gives this favor to you. This is the first instance of the concept, which establishes a precedent.
The second place is Gen 19:19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:
Lot’s concept of God’s mercy is that God examined Lot’s life, and from what God found, God showed mercy on Lot or God would not, but the basis was not independent of Lot and the way he lived his life.
This is what we find throughout Scripture, so let’s continue in abbreviated form.
Gen 32:5 Jacob “that I may find grace in thy sight” – Jacob’s faithfulness with Laban should have engendered grace from Laban towards Jacob.
Gen 33:8 Jacob sends gifts or free will offerings to Esau so that he might “find grace in Esau’s sight.” – Grace was dependent on conduct
Gen 33:10 “Jacob said, Nay I pray thee, if now I have found grace in thy sight…” – Again grace is given the giver discerning some quality or character in the life of the receiver of grace.
Gen 33:15 “let me find grace in the sight of my lord.” – same observation as above.
Gen 34:11 And Shechem said unto her father and unto her brethren, Let me find grace in your eyes, and what ye shall say unto me I will give.
Gen 39:4 And Joseph found grace in his sight, and he served him: and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he had he put into his hand. – The basis of Joseph finding grace in Pharaoh’s sight had everything to do with finding the right noble character that pleased Pharaoh living in Joseph.
Gen 47:25 And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.
Similar passages where some person finds grace in the sight of some other person:
- Gen 47:29 Jacob in Joseph’s sight.
- Gen 50:4 Joseph in Pharaoh’s sight.
- Exo 33:12 Moses in Pharaoh’s sight.
- Num 32:5 children of Gad in Moses’ sight.
- Ruth 2.2,10 Ruth in Boaz.
- 1Sam 1:18 Hannah in Eli’s sight.
- 1Sam 20:3 David in Jonathan’s eyes.
- 1Sam 27:5 David in the eyes of Achish
- 2Sam 14:22 Joab before King David
- 2Sam 16:4 Ziba before King David
- Esther 2:17 Esther before the king – character and beauty in the King’s eyes were Esther prime reasons for grace being shown her.
Exod 33:13 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people. Moses in Jehovah’s sight.
Exod 33:16 For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth. – Note here that the correct order of understanding is not divine selection (grace) then blessing then the people becoming acceptable in God’s sight. Rather Moses and Israel found grace in God’s sight (on the basis of what they were and God’s thinking), and then God’s hand of blessing became active on them, and finally after that, they were selected to be separate or apart from all others.
Exod 33:17 And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name. Why did God do “this thing”? Because God examined their lives and found them to be pleasing to him. Godly character then selection/blessing is the correct order.
Exod 34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance. Note here that finding grace is before holiness and even before pardon of sin. The grace in this case was grace given to these people’s ancestors that still came down unto them, even though they were rebellious. Also note that God promises His blessing, only conditioned upon their putting away their other gods and destroying these false gods’ altars, etc. Exod 34:11-13. So the grace shown is conditioned upon activity and character before it is given.
Judges 6:17 Gideon “If now I have found grace in thy (Lord) sight” – The phrase again refers to the grace giver encountering some good conduct, attitude, or character or reason to show grace in the grace receiver’s life before and conditioning the grace given.
Ezra 9:8 And now for a little space grace hath been shewed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage. – God’s grace in this verse is the remnant that God left Israel. Specifically that remnant is also referring to “the nail” to hang themselves, or a reference to the Messiah.
Ps 45:2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
Ps 84:11 For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will he withhold from them that walk uprightly. – Is there any doubt here that God’s grace is conditioned on our walking uprightly? Why would people deliberately overturn and distort the true biblical grace into being something unrelated to our prior conduct and character?
Grace in Proverbs
Several of the passages using grace in Proverbs use the concept as a synonym for blessing. Prov 1:9; 3:22; 4:9;
Prov 3:34 Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly. – According to Calvinism, grace is solely dispensed according to the
Prov 22:11 He that loveth pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king shall be his friend. – Here the concept of grace is actually a good quality of speech on a person’s lips.
Jer 31:2 Thus saith the LORD, The people which were left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest. – Again grace is found in a person by God before God’s hand of blessing.
Zech 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. – Grace is related to the Holy Spirit, being a blessing of God.
Other verses: Jer 14:21; Zech 4:7
“grace” in the Gospels
What we notice here is that if “grace=salvation”, or grace is the best and most common representative word in the Bible for salvation, then why is it so scarcely used in the Gospels? Matthew, and Mark doesn’t even have it once, and Luke only once? This doesn’t check.
Luke 2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him. – In this passage about Christ, grace is basically a state of blessedness. This is not a reference to salvation, but to Jesus Christ’s holiness.
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. John 1:16 And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace. John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. – Again, this reference to grace is not referring to our salvation as being selectively given by God to some people, but rather it is a reference to Jesus Christ’s character quality. This describes Jesus as “full of grace”, or full of spiritual blessedness that he is willing to give. With these four verses, this concludes all the verses that mention grace in the gospels, and not once is it directly referring to our salvation but rather spiritual qualities of blessedness within the Savior.
Grace is never mentioned in the gospels as a synonym for salvation much less for our election by God to salvation!
“grace” as used in Acts
Acts 4:33 And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all. – Grace in this passage means great power and blessedness.
Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord. – If “grace=election” then this verse doesn’t make much sense. This passage is best taken as Barnabas saw the blessing of God in the lives of these people, and reacted as he did.
Acts 13:43 Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. – If you consider this phrase as “to continue in the election of God” or “to continue in the blessedness of God”, whatever the choice, this continuing is something that people were able to do themselves. Paul’s exhortation was for them to “continue” implying that they were doing something at first, and that Paul’s desire is that they “continue to do it”. This is therefore a key verse to define a few things about grace. The grace of God is something that we first of all receive by what WE DO OR ARE (ACTIONS AND/OR CHARACTER). Secondly, it is within our human ABILITY to do whatever provoked this grace of God on us. Therefore the entire Calvinistic concept of grace = election in which we nor our character, conduct, nor life have anything to do with God’s giving that grace to us. This is simply not a biblical conclusion, neither is it a valid conclusion about grace. Calvinism is 100% wrong.
Acts 14:3 Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands. – Again, grace is associated with God’s word, and with spiritual blessings (signs and wonders).
In several passages we see people being recommended to the grace of God. Acts 14:26; 15:40. (See Acts 13:43 above) This most probably is a spiritual charge or exhortation that these people continue in the lifestyle that brought them into the favor of God.
Acts 20:32 And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified. – Apparently God’s Word of grace (a heart and essential element of the gospel) is something which people were commended unto, and to which it would edify the person and carry them to sanctification. How does that work? If grace = divine election (emphasis on elitism like being a son of Abraham), how does that make you holy? If grace is God’s goodness to you, and you don’t deserve it, then in gratitude we change our life to conform it to the image of that wonderful person that saved us, Jesus Christ. This makes sense, and the Calvinist is left with confusion and non-sense.
Acts 15:11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they. – Here God’s grace is declared to be the instrument or avenue through which we receive salvation. It is a means by which one is saved, but in itself, it is not necessarily salvation itself, but rather a means through which we receive salvation. This grace is given by believing in Jesus Christ. This is the condition, action, conduct, or character quality (faith) that triggers God’s grace to come to us.
Acts 18:27 (Paul) “helped them much which had believed through grace“. This is one verse which would give some slight credence to the Calvinist mindset. Here grace is the vehicle through which these people believed.
Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God. – Here again the grace of God is a part of the Gospel. It is not in and of itself all of the Gospel, but it is an essential part. Note that this is not mentioning “election” nor divine selection, because these concepts are not in the context at all. What is in the context is that God will give salvation even though we do not desire it. This is the heart of the Gospel.
“grace” in Paul’s Epistles
Here we see a high number of hits in Romans, 2 Corinthians and Ephesians. But, is it logical that Philemon would use the word “grace” more than twice as many times Matthew, Mark, and Luke combined together?
- Grace is used as a greeting, salutation, or parting exhortation: Rom 1:7; 16:20, 24; 1Co 1:3-4: 2Cor 1:2; 13.14; Gal 1:3; 6:18; Eph 1:2; 6:24; Phil 1:2; 4:23; Col 1:2; 4:18; 1Thess 1:1; 5:28; 2Thess 1:2, 12; 3:18; 1Tim 1:2; 6:21; 2Tim 1:2; 4:22; Titus 1:4; 3:15; Philemon 1:3; 1:25. Hebrews 13:25; 1Pe 1:2; 2Pe 1:2; 2John 1:3; Rev 1:4; 22:21.
- Grace is a concept received by means of Jesus Christ: Rom 1:5 because of our obedience to the faith. 1Co 1:4. Col 1:6 “since the day ye heard of it, and knew the grace of God in truth.”
- We are justified by grace: Rom 3:24. (again a means to salvation); Gal 5:4 if you believe you are justified by keeping the law, you are fallen from grace.
- Grace is the opposite of works: Rom 4:4 (as a means of gaining salvation)
- Salvation is by grace through faith: Rom 4:16; 5:2 (the condition of faith is what causes God to give grace). Gal 2:21 the grace of God can be frustrated if the person believes his righteousness is by his keeping the law or his good works rather than the mercy of God.
Titus 2:11 “For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,” In this passage, Paul settles some matters. Grace is what brings men to salvation (and this is already noted above). But this grace appears to all men. It is not a selective grace only given in this capacity to some men.
- Grace is a free gift: Rom 5:15 (God’s definition of grace has no recipients except those who have faith in Jesus Christ)
- Grace comes by Jesus Christ: Rom 5:17, 20, 21
- Grace gives us (means of) everlasting consolation and good hope): 2Thess 2:16
- Grace works in us: 1Tim 1:14 Paul seeing grace as God’s forgiveness of him, pardon of his sins, and making him into something different.
- Grace abounds by usage: Rom 6:1
- Grace is a reigning force over us: Rom 6:14-15 (it must dominate us to reign over us, or for us to be “under grace”); Gal 5:4
Gal 1:6 I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel:
- Grace given should not be cause for arrogance: Rom 12:3 (Jewish problem is haughtiness in being found under God’s grace which lead to carelessness in their personal life, and God’s condemnation even while under grace.)
- Grace is responsible for what gifts we have from God: Rom 12:6; 15:15; 1Cor 3:10; 2Cor 1:12; 2Co 6:1 (workers receive grace of God). 2Cor 8:6-7 Titus worked a work of grace among the Macedonian churches and the Corinthian church – speaking of some ministry gift referred to as “a grace”. In verse 9 this grace of Titus is compared to Jesus’ grace that being rich be became poor in order to serve. Again in verse 19 of this chapter, Titus is referred to as traveling with Paul “with this grace” as if it was a special ministry that Titus carried on in the missionary team. Gal 1:15 God called Paul by means of God’s grace.
1Cor 15:10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. – Grace is what accounts for what we are before God. But before you conclude that that means God decides whether we are elected to salvation or not, the context of this verse is more speaking of spiritual gifts, and not eternal destination.
2Cor 9:8 And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work: – again, grace appears to be more something of a ministry gift exercised among God’s people in God’s work rather than eternal election to salvation.
2Cor 9:14 And by their prayer for you, which long after you for the exceeding grace of God in you. – Grace would appear to be a great spiritual desire for spiritual fruit in others in this verse.
Phil 1:7 “ye all are partakers of my grace” Here Paul considers his ministry gifts as being “his grace towards his hearers.”
Col 3:16 “singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord” Grace is a way you sing, that is singing with grace is singing with a heart of ministering spiritually to others.
Col 4:6 “Let your speech be alway with grace, seasoned with salt” Grace is also a way of speaking to one another, such that your speech ministers spiritually.
2Tim 2:1 Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. 2Tim 2:2 And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also. Note here that grace is something that you can “be strong in“, and obviously Paul’s concept of grace is that it is the gospel of Jesus dying on the cross for the sins of mankind. This is both a belief as much as it is a ministry (to announce it).
- Grace is a synonym for spiritual gifts: Gal 2:9
- Grace is a thanking of God for what God gives us, especially over a meal: 1Cor 10:30; 2Co 4:15.
- Grace is given to churches in affliction: 2Co 8:1. Heb 2:9 But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man. Grace is something that even Jesus Christ can have shown on him. In this verse, Jesus experienced the grace of God in that God gave him the power to endure death for the benefit of mankind. Because Jesus experienced God’s grace, does this mean that Jesus was a robot, and could do nothing else? No. What it means is that Jesus desiring in his own being to do the thing, God helped (empowered) him. If this case is so clear in Jesus, why deny it entirely in the case of a man wanting to be saved?
Heb 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. Okay. So the Calvinist says grace is the same as an irresistible force (Irresistible grace) that forces a person to do God’s will. Scripture never presents this as irresistible, but rather a powerful resource we draw upon to obtain help from God in our need. So grace is the willingness of God to respond to man’s need in his problems when the man humbly comes before God requesting and seeking God’s help and power. This is starkly different from the Calvinist’s presentation of irresistible grace that forces a person into salvation even against his own will (divine robot manipulation).
Special passages on Grace: Rom 11
Rom 11:1-2. 5-7 I say then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Wot ye not what the scripture saith of Elias? how he maketh intercession to God against Israel, saying, 5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace. 6 And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work. 7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded
Paul’s argument here is against the Jew who prided himself in his special selection by God as being Abraham’s seed. Yet this special divine selection was overturned because God did not find the correct spiritual character in them over time, and therefore God “cut them off” from the divine promises and God’s grace. This is Paul’s argument, and the Calvinist that prides himself on never having to worry about his salvation because he is elect, and therefore let’s his life slip into unrepentant sin, this person is under jeopardy of hell and the condemnation of God. Grace does not protect the individual who cares not for pressing into the kingdom by imitating Jesus.
The concept of “grace” is used in this passage with the concept of election, making this an important passage in our understanding of Calvinism’s errors. Grace is a means whereby we receive salvation. That point we can agree with the Calvinist. We disagree that grace = election though. Paul’s argument is against the Jew that claimed that they had a special selection of their group, and even though that was true in a sense, that divine selection was conditioned on Israel’s obedience (faith in the Messiah changing their life) before God would honor that divine selection. In the end, God “de-selected” or “unelected” Israel from its place of special divine selection. Even so, Paul argues, that even when all looked like God had abandoned Israel totally in the Old Testament, God still had his few (remnant) out there. So grace in this passage is more clearly seen as something opposed to works. Works is not the same as faith. As seen above in “Salvation is by grace through faith” Rom 4:16; 5:2, etc. grace is a concept which is a means to be saved. It is set coupled with faith. (Eph 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:) The two are equal in importance in “getting salvation”. Paul’s epistle to the Romans belabors the point that salvation is not by works of righteousness, but rather by grace through faith. The motive of salvation is not obligation on God’s part, but rather a generosity that is not obligatory. That is the motive of salvation. Faith is the means, that is, we “get saved” by believing in Jesus Christ. That is the actual technical “way we get saved”. The Calvinist claims that this way is by divine election.
“Election of grace”. Rom 11:5, although this verse places election and grace in the same verse, this is not talking about divine election to salvation. Paul quotes the OT where all of Israel was under persecution, and when it would appear that all true believers in Jehovah were dead, God selected a few from being physically killed. This election was an election to salvation from physical death, not spiritual death. The concept of the elect here is actually more elected to be God’s true witness than to be elected to eternal salvation.
Special passages on Grace: 2Cor 12:9
2Cor 12:9 And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. – Paul’s reference here to God’s grace in relation to his persistent problem that God would not resolve for him is interesting. Grace then is God’s empowerment to suffer through affliction and distress. Rather than a divine election to “skip the condemnation and suffering”, grace here is longsuffering to endure it.
Special passages on Grace: Eph 1:3-11 and 2Tim 1:9
Paul’s discourse here again mentions grace in the context of predestination (1:5, 11). So this passage deserves special attention. First of all, Paul sets the context of “being blessed with spiritual blessings” (1:3). To me, this would be the most powerful passage to support Calvinism’s claims. God has chosen us in eternity past to be holy and blameless “having predestinated us… to the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.”
2Tim 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
This certainly “sounds” like the Calvinist’s position. But is it? In this passage, what is the cause of this blessed grace upon us?
Eph 1:12 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. Eph 1:13 In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
The point is that we FIRST TRUSTED IN CHRIST. The order is that we heard the Gospel, believed, and then were sealed by the Spirit. The cause of salvation is stated as a believing in Christ. This passage does speak strongly of election and predestination before the foundation of the world. Note that in 2Tim 1:9, Paul uses the concept of God’s grace towards him personally as the reason of Paul being anointed and called into the ministry.
Eph 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, Eph 1:19 And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power, .
Yet the element of our believing is still very present in all of this. We note that grace as a concept is not prominent in this passage (occurring only in verse 6, “to the praise of the glory of his grace“). We do not deny that “God chooses us” (election), and this is a point to be made. GOD DOES CHOOSE US. The basis of this divine selection is the crux of the Calvinist heresy and biblical truth.
Our pre-creation selection is focused “in Christ” (v4), “in the beloved” (v6), and “by Jesus Christ” (v5). “he might gather together in one all things in Christ… in him” (v10), “In whom…” (v11) “in Christ” (v12). Everything focuses on Christ. It is that tight integration with Christ that gives us this hope of salvation, our inheritance.
Paul’s climax here is Eph 2:1 “and you hath he quickened who were dead… 4 But God, who is rich in mercy…. 5 hath quickened us together with Christ (by grace ye are saved). 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God. 9 Not of works lest any man should boast. So the entire focus of chapter 1 hangs on chapter 2.
Eph 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Eph 2:9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. Eph 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
Again the purpose of God extends beyond salvation into good works, and this is what God is also ordaining us to, not just salvation. The rest of Paul’s references (Eph 3:2, 7-8, 4:7) to grace in Ephesians seems to be explicitly references to spiritual gifts or spiritual dispensations (opportunities to minister that God gives His servants). Eph 4:29 speaks of “grace” as something administered by God’s ministers to “hearers” which edifies them.
What is amazing in this book of Ephesians (in consideration of Calvinism) is not that God explains some things about election here, because election to salvation is under the work of God, but that in all of this, the word “grace” is so much left out of this discussion. Where the Calvinist would equate “grace” = “salvation by election” without our participation, Paul in Ephesians attributes grace as a means of salvation (“by grace ye are saved” Eph 2:5, “for by grace are ye saved through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God” Eph 2:8) something we established above, Paul’s use of grace here is that grace is a means of salvation, but really, the concept of grace = divine election to salvation is not the meaning nor understanding of Paul at all.
“grace” in the General Epistles
Here we see more of the same. Jude’s scant few verses uses the word the same as all four gospels combined.
- The Holy Spirit is identified as “the Spirit of Grace”: Heb 10:29
- A person can “fail” of God’s grace: Heb 12:15 The cause of this failing is bitterness which defiles. This is caused by the same disdain of spiritual things that Esau experienced. This was a willful action and attitude in Esau’s own heart. This verse would seem to unilaterally disavow the Calvinist’s irresistible grace.
- Grace is the basis of Christian service: Heb 12:28
- Grace establishes the heart: Heb 13:9 This probably has a slight reference to giving thanks to God for what God has given you. For those who do this, there is a recognition and submission to God’s authority (spiritually establishing the person). The author of Hebrews mentions meats as something opposed to this, and this is probably an attitude of not caring (in eating things without returning thanks to God for them), which destroys the soul.
- Grace is a “comeliness” (beauty): James 1:11. The idea is again rooted in the idea that grace is given when something is pretty in the eye of the giver of that grace.
- Grace is gotten by humility: James 4:6. Whereas the Calvinist says that God’s grace is given by election, and has no foreknowledge nor has any reference to anything about the receiver of that grace, the Bible teaches the opposite.
1Pet 5:5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble. Why do Calvinists insist that God’s grace is never given on the basis of any character qualities within us? Why do they insist that there is nothing (nor ever can be anything) within us that would please God? Humility is obviously a character quality that we control, and which opens God’s windows to shower God’s grace upon us. Why do they deny the obvious Bible of these verses?
- Grace is God giving us salvation: 1Pe 1:10.
- Grace is a process (means) to salvation: 1Pe 1:13.
- Life on this earth can be considered a result of the grace of God to us: 1Pe 3:7
- Grace is involved with ministry gifts: 1Pe 4:10
- God is the God of all Grace: 1Pe 5:10
- Grace is a position wherein you “stand” spiritually: 1Pe 5:12
- Grace is something that you can “grow in”: 2Pe3:18
- Grace can be perverted from its true essence into lasciviousness: Jude 1:4 Indeed many (not all) Calvinists turn the grace of God from something good, into a spiritual elitism similar to the Jews’ boasting of having an eternal election to heaven because they were Abraham’s children.
God gives grace to the humble.
Getting into the Greek
It is at points like this that I want to see what is happening here. I want to know what the Greek word for “grace” is, and I want to study it on that level.
To do this in TW we will go back to our basic study, KJV version in the Bible window, and “grace” in the Bible search window, and enter to do the search.
At this point, you need to click on the plus before “Luke” in the Bible Search results window, and then click on Luke 2:40. Now click in the KJV Bible window, and press Control+S, and this will give you the Strong’s numbers. Now hover the mouse on the strong’s number G5485 after the word “grace” in Luke 2:40. This should give you the pop-up for Mickelson-Strong’s Dictionary, and it should look like this…
Troubleshooting: My Strongs Numbers don’t show up.
What we see now is the Strong’s definition of “charis” (grace). First of all, notice that Strong’s Mickelson has graciousness, not salvation as the base or most common definition of the word. Also “gratitude” is another meaning of the word. The second meaning is perhaps what Calvinist-Reformed people hold to, but even so, we don’t see a super-abundance of occurrences in the Gospels like what we would think it should be.
Searching for charis G5485
Now that we have found out what our original Greek word’s Strong’s number is, we have a handle on being able to slice and dice the Bible and study very specifically this concept in Greek.
First, we will just do a simple Bible Search (KJV version, NT range). This is just like what we did when we searched for the English word “grace”, but now we will search for G5485. Note that this will not work unless the Strong’s numbers are showing in the Bible window.
The results are 147 hits in the NT (above was 122x on the English word “grace”). Luke has 8 hits instead of 1. So what we have is some different things happening between on the translation side of things, even though this still doesn’t explain the great lack of use of the word/concept “grace” in presenting us the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
But now let’s go even more specific on the studying side. Up til now, most Bible programs are very similar to theWord in doing a search on the words in the Bible. Perhaps many will even allow you to search on the Strong’s numbers. But few will allow you to do what we are going to do next.
Searching on “grace” but not charis G5485
In the Bible search box, type
NOT G5485 TR grace
This search only gives us James 1:11 where the word “grace” occurs in our English Bibles, but the underlying Greek word is not G5485 charis
Searching on “G5485” but not translated “grace”
In the Bible search box, type
G5485 TR NOT grace
What this will give us is all the places where the Greek G5485 occurs in the NT, but the resulting translation is not “grace”. There are 26 times this happens. Click on the icons above the results to open the tree and then show the verses. (See How to search the Bible for more help on how to do that if you don’t know).
I will leave the theological ramifications for you to decide, but this is how you use theWord for digging deep into the Word of God, going into the Greek and Hebrew even if you don’t have skills or profound learning in those languages.
Question 1 – Is there is valid or warrant for qualifying grace into two types: general grace, and efficacious grace?
No. This concepts are not assigned to grace, but grace is seen more as universally the same grace among all examples in Scripture. What we can divide grace into is grace from God towards man, and grace of man towards man.
Prerequisite: Read and study How to Make a Model Sets.
Resource: Where do I download free theWord Dictionaries?
- Main Dictionary Module index.
- Hebrew Lexicons, Grammars, and other Heb. Reference Works.
- Another Link for Hebrew Lexicons.
- Greek Lexicons, Grammars, and other Greek Reference Works.
- Another Link for Greek Lexicons.
- Straight English Bible Dictionaries (little or no Greek-Hebrew).
- Chain Reference Bible Dictionaries.
- English Bible Concordance Type Dictionaries.
- English Language Dictionaries.
- Sermon Illustration Dictionaries.
These are free download sites (as far as I know from my last visit to them) for these works.
Open a Bibleview window if it is not yet open (F11).
Overview of theWord History Feature
The first thing here is understand how to use the program to get what you want. In this tutorial we will assume that you are using the Bible search function or you have a list of verses (say in a book) that you are using to visit and read.
Please review the class on how to select different versions of the Bible, Bible Version Selector Bar.
How to get to a particular verse in the Bible.
There are several different ways to use this theWord History Feature, and which you use is up to you. First of all, you can open a “help window” which will have the entire Bible in tree format, and you click on the Bible Tree icon on the top menu bar (this is three circles, white, green, and red, with lines between them like a tree).
This will bring up the Bible Tree window in the sidebar.
You can open a book by clicking on it or click on it again and close it.
The next way of getting a verse to appear in a Bible window is to simply type in the verse, John 3:16, in the verse entry box. This box is on the menu lines.
Likewise you can click on the down arrow of this box, and by using the mouse, get to a particular verse.
At this point, I should note, most beginning users will want the F8, Bible Tree function, and with time, it seems most users gravitate from that to typing the verse into the box, and finally, when fully “lazy”, they use the mouse. I don’t know why that is so, but just an observation.
Once you can manually get through the Bible, now you need to note that in general you can just click on any visual verse reference in the BibleView or BookView windows, and go there. Mousing over verses will allow them to pop up.
As a tip, when I find a page on the Internet with say 200 verses that I want to lookup, it is in general much easier to simply copy the entire text into the Windows clipboard (select and control+C), and then make a new module in theWord (I have a module I made called “delete” which is just junk stuff, like this. I never save anything in it, and anything saved in it can just be deleted without fear of losing something important.). Now paste the copied text into this work module, and Control+D to tooltip the references. Now pass the mouse over the verses and see them quickly. Click on them to open the verse reference in the BibleView window.
How to Regress through the Woods: theWord History Feature
theWord History Feature. Suppose you jump from verse to verse, and after having gone through 20-30 verses this way, you remember one of the first verses which was the best one, so how do you find it again?
Verse History Icons
These icons allow you to retrack your steps as you navigate through many verses in the Bible through theWord History Feature. This verse History is saved from this present theWord session only, but it allows you to go backwards and then forwards through the verse history. If you click the small black triangle to the right of each icon, you will see a complete list of the verses you visited in this session. Note that the left arrow is to go back, and the right arrow is to go forward in the list. When you first start TW, these icons will be grayed out, and as you make a path through the Bible visiting different verses the left arrow will become active. If you use the left arrow to go back to visit a previously visited verse, then the right arrow will become active. Also note that the particular Bible version that you used when visiting a verse is also saved.
How to Leave a Breadcrumb Trail (Set Bookmarks)
See post on using Bookmarks.
How to Gather Selected Verses into a List
In this post, Bible Verse List Feature, I will guide you through how to gather selected verses you may want into a list for further use.
See also this YouTube Video related to this class
CLASS OBJECTIVE: This page is a reference page with all the keyboard short cuts for TheWord.
theWord keyboard short cuts. theWord keyboard short cuts. In this tutorial class we give a few short cuts key strokes for working with theWord program. I am just going to list them here, and in other places on this website I will describe exactly what they are.
When using a regular paper and ink book, the smart student will know the existance of a table of contents or index in the front of the book (usually) and if he or she is not going to read the entire book, but check out some part of it, that is where they would go to. With theWord, the module can be made such that each chapter of the book is in a separate “topic” (the equivalent of a chapter in a paper and ink book). By opening the topics panel of a book module, you can then navigate more intelligently the book.
One note: This feature has to be introduced when the module is made, and some lazy module creators do not do this, but put the entire work into a single topic (or chapter). Granted that for a very short work, this is fine, but for most works, they need to be separated into individual topics to make them more manageable.
Bookview Topic List Panel
First of all note that this side panel is attached (always) to the particular book module that is in this bookview window.
Secondly note that there is an icon of an open book just above the panel, to the immediate right of the two green arrows (they may be greyed out if you just opened this bookview window as in my image above). This icon toggles the book’s Topic list panel on and off from visibility.
This topic list is for quick navigation and finding of topics in a book. If you prefer a drop down (where you can type the first few letters of a topic to quickly go to it), then to the right of the book topic list toggle icon there is this drop down box.
theWord required hardware.
theWord required hardware. (from theWord.net website: http://www.theword.net/index.php?faqanswer.56&l=english)
What hardware do I need?
theWord required hardware. Generally speaking, any modern Pentium PC is capable of running the program. The memory consumption is usually quite low, though it depends on the number of modules you have installed.
In general, The Word runs surprisingly well on older machines with slower CPU’s and less memory. It has been tested and debugged with more than 600 modules on a 4-year old PC and has performed very well.
In general, The Word is optimized to perform most of it’s tasks quickly, with no waiting whatsoever.
Notes: When theWord runs slower, there is usually a reason. I have run theWord with 5000 modules installed, and it does run well under that load. But the problem comes in initializing. theWord maintains indexes of each module that it has installed, and this is especially true of the Bibles. So at startup of the program, theWord, it will check those Bible indexes, and it will generate any that are missing or damaged. In general, theWord will only generate a topic index on the rest of the modules, so that is rather quick, except if you have 5,000 new modules, and some have hundreds of chapters or topics. But again, all of this will be done once when a new module is introduced, and basically theWord will not redo it unless you erase the indexes (or transfer the module to another installation of theWord).
Also note that theWord has a special setup for premium under copyright modules, and they will want to reauthenticate if you just copy them into another installation without the password. Authentication is where you have to provide your email and the password given to you when you purchased the module.
From David Cox: Personally, I have run it on a Toshiba 286 (a very old dog of a slow computer) with 6MB of RAM using the USB installation on a USB stick, and it ran quite well. I had about 300-400 modules on the USB stick, with a doggle converting a port on the to a USB drive entrance, and I was surprised how well it did work.
MAC: theWord is a native PC/Windows program, so there is not a direct way of running theWord on a macintosh computer or MAC. But having said that, many Macintosh users have pushed until the MAC community have made work arounds for running Windows programs on their Macs, so any of these Windows Emulators will allow you to run theWord on a Mac.
Faulty Module ID
Faulty Module ID. This is a problem that comes about sometimes when TW detects two modules with the same “supposedly unique” TW Identifier. This happens when module creators don’t check with Stergiou Costas, theWord creator, for a batch of Module IDs to use.
What are TW Identifiers?
These identifiers are designed to make each module uniquely identifyable to the program, so when two totally different modules have the same identifier, you are asking for problems. TW uses this identifier when you make a hyperlink from one file to another file. So it is an important thing to be aware of. (If you have no links between modules, then it is not too critical, just bothersome.) Basically you need to go into one or the other and change the identifier. It would be best to advise whomever you got the files from about the matter, informing them of both files with the same TW ID.
The block of identifiers that Costas has given me (David Cox) is for example b1450. If there were two of them, then change one to “b1450b” and that will work. Basically any text in this field is sufficient, and TW defaults to putting the filename in this field, which since TW will recurse directory folders to find all its modules, it is possible that in two different folders you have the same filename. When this happens, some unpredicable things might happen, because TW doesn’t know which is the right file.
If both files are identical, basically you will just see the name show up twice if you make a template module set.
How to find a “lost” file
Basically you will notice this in one of two ways:
(1) you notice a file that has a different abbreviation than what it should have, i.e. the file is by one author with one title, and the abbreviation represents it as being a different author and/or book title.
(2) You download a file, install it, and it doesn’t show up where you think it should be showing up.
Verifying that the module was registered by TW in the current session
Well, the first thing to do is to verify that your install of the module did work correctly. First of all, you did close TW and reopen it? (Close… File -> Exit on the main TW menu). They won’t show up otherwise.
Secondly, the install exe did execute correctly and ended with a screen “Run theWord now.”
Thirdly, check for the physical existence of the physical in one of TW’s folders. See Where does TW keep its files? for more help here.
Fourthly, see if TW has registered the module in this session. Sometimes a module is corrupted, so TW “discards it”, i.e. ignores it because it cannot read the file (wrong format or corrupted).
Go to the main TW menu, and click “Help” then “About” then the rightmost tab “File Locations”. You should see this image.
Notice here that I am showing you this image from a USB install of TW into a folder I created on my hard drive, C:\TW Posted\ which I use for my finished modules that I post on my website, twmodules.com. So in that USB install, I have folders for the modules by year and by date for me to keep things straight.
If you module doesn’t appear in this list, TW didn’t find it or register it, and most probably it is corrupted in someway, and your solution would be to download it again from your source. If you have done that, and it still does show up, send it to a friend or to me or to Costas and ask them to check the module in their system.
Tracking down what happened to the module
If the module does show up on this list, then TW has it registered, but you are having problems seeing it. Go to Module Layout setup, and then search for the module filename in the left hand pane. Note, suppose I have a module by Martin Luther but it is not showing up. I type Luther (or part of the book’s title) in the search/filter area at the bottom of this screen.
Now you can see if the module registered, and if perhaps the filename is very different from the abbreviation. If you will notice at the top of the list, there is an E.M. Bounds book that showed up in this listing of Luther’s works. Obviously something is wrong.
If you mouseover the title, you can see more of the module’s data and figure out that this module has the wrong Abbreviation information for some reason.
Note that this is sufficient information to figure out what happened. Your Martin Luther Sermons module got the abbreviation for Bound’s spanish work “Poder de Oración”. If you look in the module layout set, you will not find Luther’s sermons, but if you look under the B’s, this title will show up there. The Module Layout sets uses the Abbreviation to order the modules, not the actual module filename.
To solve this, close this dialog box, go to the B’s and select this Bounds book, and change the abbreviation information.
One final note: Note that this is not a problem with theWord program, but a problem of the module creator(s) who use anything for TW identifiers. They should ask Costas for a block or an indiviudal TW Module ID, and use that so that there will not be conflict with other modules. I do this, but in some cases, things get mixed up, and I use the same ID in two different modules anyway, and this happens to me.
theWord hyperlink creation
theWord hyperlink creation. There are many ebook applications out there, one of the best and most popular is a simple Adobe Acrobat file (a pdf file). If properly made, a PDF can have an outline, with a table of contents and each point in it being a hyperlink to that section. There are epub books, and a host of other types of software and formats whereby you can make the material of a book or Bible study into a “public document with navigation”. However, the advantage of theWord over all of these, is that theWord automatically formats and links all Bible references into the Bible, and this default Bible can be switched to any particular version you desire. Many people who use the NIV or some other version as well as missionaries make excellent use of reading an English document but using say a Spanish Bible for the verse references. I personally do this a lot. I can copy and paste the verses in Spanish into some sermon or Bible study I am working on.
See also Setting the Default Bible Version
Basically this is very similar to regular HTML procedures. The way this works is that you first make an anchor somewhere in the page, and then you type text that will be the text of the menu option, and finally to highlight that text and make a hyperlink to the anchor. See my youtube video demostrating this at the bottom of this page.
Making an anchor
The anchor is where TW will go to when you click on the hyperlink, and it is also what will show (starting there to some point further down on the page) in a tooltip when you hover or mouseover the hyperlink.
To make an anchor, you go to where you want the hyperlink to end up at, and press Control R. This should get you the following dialog box.
You will type in the name of the anchor (something that clearly identifies it) or you can use the default name TW suggests (which is bkm plus a number). Frankly I reserve the bkm for footnotes myself.
To delete an anchor already made you go to the anchor in the text (a dotted green line or a small round hollow circle identifies it), and press control + R to access it. Then you click delete, or you can change tabs and delete all the existing anchors in that particular topic.
Making the hyperlink
Once you have the anchor (which is always first), then you go to where you want the link text to be, and type in that. In long complicated topics, I often will take all the major headings and copy and paste them to the top portion of the topic, type in “Topics” and below that insert these topics, make the anchors, and then link the text to them. The video shows how this works.
Once you select the text for your hyperlink, you press control K. You should now see this image.
At this point your highlight text will be in the field “Text” (towards the bottom, in the above image is it under the last line of the popup box). There are two key fields here, the “Target verse/Topic” field and the “Bookmark” field.
In the Target Verse/Topic field you can select a Bible version/verse reference (you will need to change the above options in part 1. to Bible. Here we are leaving the top part and just going to select a topic from the current module. Note that all the topics are in this dropdown box, and you can just click into it and start typing if you know the name of the topic. Since we are not linking outside of the present topic we will leave that alone.
Now click in the Bookmark (anchors) dropdown box. You should see this image.
Here in the bookmark field you can choose which of the anchors on this page you want to make the bookmark or place where TW will go to when you click the hyperlink.
The next field beside it is how much will be seen in the tooltip popup which is displayed when you mouseover or hover over the hyperlink.